Citrine is a yellow- golden stone belonging to the quartz family. The term ‘citrine’ is derived from a French word ‘citron’ that means lemon, referring to the color of the stone. Due to its sparkling color and luster, it is often mistaken as Spanish Topaz or Gold topaz.
Citrine is the alternate birthstone of November, the natural birthstone of the people born in summer and of the ones born under the sign of Cancer. It is also the accepted birthstone for the 13th and 17th wedding anniversary.
Formation and Occurrence
Citrine is found in the veins of quartz and although quartz is the most commonly available mineral on earth, natural Citrine is available very rarely in nature. It has a cryptocrystalline structure, which means that the crystals are in hexagonal shape with six sides.
Because of their rare availability in nature, Citrines are often produced commercially by heating Smoky Quart or Amethyst at extreme heat. Various experts believe that even natural Citrines are formed through this process i.e. as a result of Amethyst and Smoky Quart being subjected to extreme lava heat.
An elongated looking polished citrine gemstone.
The magnificence of the yellow-ish tone of this precious stone occurs due to the presence of iron particles. If you look closely through a high powered microscope, you can actually see areas in the stone which are subjected to oxidation. (In fact, there are 40 parts per million of iron present in the stone, which changes color when exposed to air). Naturally occurring Citrine is quite stable and only extremely strong radiation is capable of transforming its color.
Majority of the natural Citrines available in the market are mined from Brazil’s state Rio Grande do Sul Brazil. The state has two mines that are famous for wide quantity of production of this stone: the Iraa mine (produces approximately 100 kilos of Citrine per month) and the Serra mine (produces 300 kilos of Citrine per month). In addition to Brazil, small quantities of this Citrine are found in Russia, Colorado, Malagasy Republic, Bolivia, Burma (Myanmar), Canada, Sri Lanka, Spain, and U.S.
Historical Important and Myths
Ancient Romans and Greeks were very fond of this striking stone and used it in their jewelries in a special style known as ‘intaglio’ that included relief carving. It was believed that the brightness of this stone brightens life as well and eradicates darkness. This is why this stone was carried by ancient men for protection against evil thoughts, plagues and snake venom.
In the starting of the 17th century, Scottish craftsmen used this stone to decorate their daggers and other weapons. Later in the romantic period, Citrine jewelry gained immense popularity and artisans favored it over gold jewelry. Its credit goes to Queen Victoria. She initiated the fashion of this jewelry in Scottish settings after King Albert purchased Balmoral Castle. Several shoulder brooches, sgian dubhs and kilt pins adorned with Citrine stones can be found in the castle.
According to ancient Chinese myths and legends, Citrine was considered the ‘stone of success’ because it removed misconceptions and enhanced intellect. This belief has not diminished with time and even today some Chinese consider it to be the stone of wisdom. Teachers, scholars and even students use it to acquire success in educational fields. Egyptians perceived its warm gold color as the light casted by the sun god ‘Ra.’
In ancient times, this magnificent stone has enjoyed the reputation of the ‘merchant’s stone’ and the myth goes on to say that carrying it during sales was supposed to attract wealth. This belief was probably subjected to its gold-like appearance. Moreover, medieval people had a strong belief in Citrine’s medical and mystical qualities as well. It was believed that the power of this stone will help a patient in recovering from heart, kidney, liver and stomach problems.
Citrine is attributed with two divine deities: Demeter, the Greek goddess of harvest who is associated with productivity and Sekhmet, the Egyptian goddess of war who is associated with power.
Chakra Healing Energy
This radiant and glowing stone is capable of opening and activating the Solar Plexus and Crown chakras, which are connected with creativity, intelligence and decisiveness. A balanced Solar Plexus chakra stabilizes your emotions and helps you in interpreting the world through your own point of view, without being influenced by others. It directs your personal power and allows you to make rational decisions.
The Crown chakra, on the other hand, is related to spirituality and beliefs. The golden rays emitted by Citrine helps the wearer in establishing a pure connection between the mystical universe and the human body. A balanced Crown chakra guarantees clearness of thoughts and mental focus.
Physical Healing Energy
Commercially manufactured Citrines will not benefit you in terms of physical healing but the naturally mined ones are considered very powerful in enhancing stamina and physical energy. People suffering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome will find it very useful in relieving pain and it is also known to reverse degenerative disease.
Citrine is known for strengthening nerve impulses and helping people with short term memory loss; hence, its reputation as the stone of wisdom extends beyond myth. It is also used to treat hormonal, menopausal and menopausal problems. Natural Citrine is also known for stimulating pancreas, digestion, the spleen, metabolism, balancing thyroids, and alleviating skin irritations and allergies.
Emotional Healing Energy
Due to its intense and bright color this precious stone is considered an amulet against negative energies. It has the power to diminish fear, anger, anxiety and destructive energy, and brings joy and happiness to its wearer. People suffering from depression and bipolar disorders can benefit a lot from wearing this stone. Citrine’s color is associated with positive energy and its wearer is believed to experience optimism and calmness.
Carrying Citrine stone in your pocket attracts love and protect against people who cause heart break, jealousy and envy. It is also considered a good professional support stone for people working in sports, media, sales, banking, casinos and fitness sector. It increases productivity and motivates the carrier to gain confidence in their work.
As mentioned earlier this stone activates the Crown chakra, connected with spirituality and can be very helpful in meditation. Keeping its crystals in the room during meditation eases transition into the meditative state. It helps you in diving and connecting with your deepest thoughts so that you can explore your inner self.
Citrine’s yellow color corresponds to strength in relationships and enhanced creativity. Yellow color is generally associated with joy, brightness and optimism, and these are the qualities that this stone attracts. Experts believe that the brightness of the color is capable of stimulating the deepest parts of our brain, which in turn conjures colorful images and enhances creativity.
Silver ring with garnet and citrine gemstones mounted in prongs.
In Feng Shui, Citrine is associated with the fire energy and it is believed that placing its crystals in the money and abundance area of the house will bring wealth and happiness. If you are unable to find Citrine crystals, you can use Citrine gem tree or pi yao as well.
What Citrine Form Should I Get?
You won’t have any trouble in selecting Citrine because there aren’t many choices available. The only thing you need to be sure about before purchasing the stone is whether its real or commercially manufactured, and a gemologist would easily tell you that based on the stone’s composition. Natural polished ones, although rare, are available at reasonable prices.